To clarify the origin of Shijiazhuang Railway Station, we have to start with the name of Shijiazhuang.
Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province, is an important town in North China. Like other provincial capitals, the bustling crowds, the bustling commercial streets and the rows of high-rise buildings weave into a symphony of modern cities. But if we go back more than a hundred years, it's just a small village with hundreds of people. A 6031 Relevant data show that the name of Shijiazhuang City originates from Shijiazhuang Village. One hundred years ago, Shijiazhuang was a small village in Huolu County (today's Luquan City). Its area was less than half a square kilometer. There were only more than 100 households and more than 600 people. Not far west from Shijiazhuang, there is a screen-like mountain range, which is the famous Taihang Mountain. Mount Taihang is steep and stretches for more than 800 miles from north to south. It has become a natural barrier to block Shanxi and the eastern North China Plain. A 6031 At the beginning, Shanxi people kept abundant coal resources, but because of the limitation of ideas and transportation, they just carried donkeys on their shoulders and sent coal to Hebei along this bumpy mountain road. The situation of "no passengers and goods" and "no local goods" lasted until the beginning of the 20th century. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, Zhang Zhidong, an important thinker in Hebei Province, put forward that middle school should be the body and Western learning should be used. The Westernization Movement hoped to strengthen the Qing Dynasty by building railways. Therefore, in the process of railway construction, many provincial people supported Zhang Zhidong's idea, especially some officials in Shanxi at that time advocated Jintie's transportation abroad. A 6031 Shijiazhuang Railway Station was originally called Zhentou Station A 6031. In April 1897, Sheng Xuanhuai, Minister of Jinhaiguan Road and Supervisory Railway, was appointed by the Qing Dynasty to build the Lugouqiao Han (Kou) Railway. Meanwhile, Hu Pinzhi, governor of Shanxi Province, plans to build the Zhengtai Railway. After several surveys and weighing the pros and cons, it was decided that the intersection point of the two railways should be located at Liulinpu on the South Bank of Hutuo River in Zhengding Prefecture. Therefore, Shanxi people call Zhengtai Railway ” Liutai Railway ”. In 1901, under the coercion of the eight-nation coalition forces, the Qing Dynasty agreed to extend the northern end of the Luhan Railway to Zhengyangmen, Beijing, and renamed the Beijing-Han Railway. In 1902, the Beijing-Han Railway opened to the east of Shijiazhuang Village and built a station. Because Shijiazhuang village was small at that time and its popularity was low, the station name was Zhentou
2, a big town seven miles away. The establishment of this station has played a historic decisive role in the development of Shijiazhuang. In order to reduce expenditure, the eastern starting point of Zhengtai Railway was moved from Liulinpu to Zhentou Station (today's Shijiazhuang Station). A 6031 After the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894, in 1903, the Qing government borrowed money from Belgium to build the Lugouqiao-Hankou railway. In 1904, he borrowed 25 million francs from Russia's China-Russia Daosheng Bank in the form of government supervision and business administration. The French explored and designed the Railway minister Sheng Xuanhuai, who was then appointed to prepare the Zhengtai Railway, a branch line of the Luhan Railway, in order to solve the problem that Shanxi's coal and iron could not be transported abroad in large quantities. In 1904, the Zhengzhou-Taiwanese Railway was officially opened. A 6031. In October 1907, the Zhengtai Railway was completed and opened to traffic. With the harsh whistle and rumbling wheels, coal was continuously transported out of Shanxi and then from Shijiazhuang to all parts of the country.
Railway, as a product of industrial civilization, accompanied by its roar, often produces a huge railway kingdom. The southward shift of the starting point of Zhengtai Railway is the incentive for Shijiazhuang to move from the countryside to urbanization, but the real basic factor is the rise and development of modern industry. With the opening of railway lines, some railway-related industries have emerged one after another. A 6031 In 1925, Shijiazhuang merged with several nearby villages. From the two names of a 6036 Shijiazhuang a 6036 and a 6036 Xiumen a 6036, each word was named a 6036 Shimen City a 6036. The name remained in use until 1947.
. In November 1937, after the Japanese invaders occupied Taiyuan, the Shimen Railway Administration was established to manage the Shimen-Taiyuan Railway.
Starting from November 1938, Shitai Railway has changed from narrow track to standard track, and two double tracks have been laid according to standard gauge to form a four-line line line, which connects East with Beijing and Han, West with Tongpu and Jingsui, thus forming a railway network. Completed in October 1939, the Zhengtai Railway was changed to Shitai Trunk Line on October 2. A 6031 Shide Railway was built after Japan occupied North China. It started construction in June 1940 and was completed in mid-November of the same year. It was put into operation on February 15 next year. The Shijiazhuang Railway starts from Shijiazhuang in the West and goes east to Dezhou in Shandong Province. It is 180.7 kilometers long and has 22 stations. The road links Jinpu to the east, Beijing and Han to the west, runs across the central plain of North China, runs through Jiaoji and Shitai lines, connects the transportation of Jin, Hebei, Shandong and Henan provinces, and becomes an important trunk line for Japanese aggressors to plunder materials from North China and mobilize troops.
. With the intersection of Beijing-Han, Shitai and Shide lines in Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang's railway hub status has initially taken shape. In 1938, passenger trains at Shijiazhuang Station were divided into special express trains and ordinary trains, and the seating grade was abolished. In 1939, the North China Transport Corporation of Japan merged the two Shijiazhuang Stations of Beijing, Han and Shitai into one station, and built nine tracks in the North yard, expanded the side line of the locomotive yard to four tracks, and built a new South freight yard and a new depot in 1941. A number of special lines, such as the North Barracks and Power Plant, have been built in the garage.
. November 12, 1947, Shimen, Liberation Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.
. On December 26, 1947, the people's government of Shimen City issued a notice to rename Shijiazhuang City. When the wheel of history entered the end of the 20th century, Shijiazhuang opened a new chapter of urban construction. Today, the Beijing-Han, Shitai and Shide railways meet here, making Shijiazhuang the most important transportation hub in northern China. In 1982, Shitai Electrified Railway was opened to traffic on all routes, and coal transportation volume accounted for one tenth of the country's total. Today, Shijiazhuang has become one of the largest passenger and freight vehicle marshalling stations in China.
. On January 29, 1968, the capital of Hebei Province moved from Baoding to Shijiazhuang. On March 11, 1978, Shijiazhuang was changed into a municipality under provincial jurisdiction. In 1987, Shijiazhuang was listed as an open city. These are favorable conditions for the development of Shijiazhuang, but the construction of Shijiazhuang Railway Station is the foundation of the rise of big cities. A 6031 Looking back on history, an accidental factor made Shijiazhuang the intersection of Railways at that time, which brought about a great change in a city at the beginning of the last century. A village in the countryside was lifted up by the wheels of a rumbling train, and eventually became a major town in North China, which controlled the southern gate of Yanjing, strangled the throat of Jin and Jilin provinces, and even the Central Plains of Qilu.
. In 2008, Shijiazhuang Railway Station was renovated. A 6031 Shijiazhuang New Passenger Station is initially located at Shijiazhuang South Freight Station. The project is expected to be approved in the near future and started construction within this year. The construction period is expected to be about two years.
. It is known that the newly built passenger stations are arranged in turn from west to east by the general speed yard, the Beijing-Zhengzhou Expressway yard and the Taiqing Expressway yard. The Beijing-Shijiazhuang passenger dedicated line is introduced to the south along the east side of the existing Beijing-Guangzhou line; the Shizheng passenger dedicated line leaves the station and leaves the hub southward; the Shitai passenger dedicated line is introduced to the passenger station from the south end of the hub; the Shiqing passenger dedicated line is planned to lead out the hub eastward parallel with the Beijing-Zhengzhou passenger dedicated line at the north end of the station; and the Beijing-Shicheng inter-city railway is planned to access the existing Beijing-Guangzhou line Zhengding Stations, using existing lines to new passenger stations. At the same time, in order to avoid the cross interference between the main line and the transfer line between passenger dedicated lines, the southeast link line, the south-east link line and the northwest link line are constructed. After the new passenger station is opened, the existing Shijiazhuang Railway Station (passenger station) will gradually withdraw from the position of the central passenger station and begin to act as the auxiliary passenger station of the new passenger station. According to the predictable research report, the track laying length of the whole line of the project is 242.248 kilometers, with an estimated total investment of 4.23 billion yuan, of which the static investment is 4.150 billion yuan, and the total construction period is arranged in two years.