[Station Name]: Shenyang Station
[formerly used name]: Mozhidun Station, Fengtianyi Station and Shenyang South Station
[Station Address]: Shenyang Heping District, Liaoning Province
[Postal Code]: 110001
[Construction Time]: 1899
[Front and rear stations]: on Beijing-Harbin Line It is 865 km from Beijing Station, 547 km from Harbin Station and 397 km from Dalian Station on Shenyang-Dalian Railway.
[Subordinate Unit]: Shenyang Railway Administration
[Station Grade]: Special Station
[Passenger Transport Business]: Handling passenger landing; Handling baggage and parcels to the east.
[Freight Business]: Handling the delivery of whole vehicle, part-load and container cargo; Handling the storage of whole vehicle cargo before shipment.
[Station Scale]: Shenyang Railway Station currently has five platforms, which will be increased to 11 after renovation, and the area of Shenyang Railway Station will be at least doubled.
[Railway Line]: Beijing-Harbin Railway and Shenyang-Dalian Railway. In addition, the international railway from Beijing to Moscow has also stopped at Shenyang Station for passenger transport.
The earliest Shenyang Railway Station was not the same as it is today, not even in its present position. In 1899, the Russian army occupying Northeast China repaired the railway to Shenyang, and today a Russian-style green brick bungalow was built 1.2 kilometers north of Shenyang Station, which is very simple. This is the earliest Shenyang Station. Its name at that time was Maogudian, which means Fengtian. Five years later, when the war broke out between Japan and Russia, the station was occupied by the Japanese army and renamed Fengtian Post. A 6031 By 1907, Shenyang had become a city with a population of 300,000, and the number of passengers per year was as high as 500,000. Because of the increase in passenger flow, four temporary wooden boardhouses were built outside the brick houses of Fengtian Yi, but this is not enough. Manchuria Railway, a Japanese aggressor against China, began to build new stations. On October 1, 1910, the station relocation ceremony was held. Since then, the location of Shenyang Station has been determined. Since then, the appearance of Shenyang Railway Station has hardly changed in the past hundred years, but its fate has been quite tortuous.
During the occupation of Northeast China, Fengtianyi was always operated by the Japanese aggressors as an important railway transportation hub. The strategic materials plundered from all parts of Northeast China were gathered here, filled with warehouses of all sizes, then transported to Dalian and shipped to Japan. Naturally, such fortifications could not escape resistance. The blow of the Japanese forces. With the change of the situation of the Anti-Japanese War, from December 1944 to January the following year, US bombers fighting against Japan bombed Fengtian three times, completely destroying five goods warehouses in the railway station. After Japan's defeat and surrender, Fengtianyi was once renamed "Shenyang South Station". I wonder if since then, "South Station" has become the customary name of Shenyang citizens for this station. After the liberation of Shenyang, the China-Soviet Communist-administered medium-long railway was established. In 1950, "May Day", the old station was formally renamed "Shenyang Station" and became a "special station". A 6031 The old North Station in Shenyang is no longer as conspicuous as it used to be. It is almost completely submerged by the surrounding tall buildings and replaced by the viaduct of East-West Expressway. But just over 70 years ago, it was no less lively than Shenyang Station. In 1927, Zhang Zuolin began to build Liaoning General Station (Laobei Station) in order to compete with the Shenyang Station operated by the Japanese. It was completed and opened in 1930. The construction of the old North Railway Station was a huge project. It was said that the capital of several businessmen was united before it was completed on schedule. In the early 1930s, Shenyang Railway Station was a major Japanese-controlled station, where Chinese passengers rarely boarded or boarded. Because Laobei Station is adjacent to the North Market, the area from the front of the Station to the North Market has become the most lively place in Shenyang. Restaurants, hotels, teahouses, theatres, baths and cinemas are all around them.
. The lively and prosperous Laobei Station has also brought some troubles to people. "Old Shenyang" people must remember the crowded situation of Huangsi Railway Crossing in the past, the rush hour of commuting every day and the frequent traffic jam. As Laobei Railway Station is located in the center of Shenyang City, and the intersection of the railway line and Huanghe Street has seriously affected the traffic of vehicles and pedestrians, it was included in the renovation plan of Shenyang Railway Hub shortly after the founding of the People's Republic of China and planned to build a new North Railway Station. As a result, trains between Laobei Station and Laobei Station are in a state of waiting for relocation for less than one year. On June 25, 1988, Laobei Station ceased to handle all passenger transport business. Its function as a station ended, leaving only an ancient building as a permanent memorial.
A 6031 Architectural Style
Fenghua Centennial Shenyang Station
Shenyang Railway Station was not born noble. A hundred years ago, it was a barren land. After more than 100 years of development, it has become one of the busiest places in Shenyang. It can be seen that the fate of every corner of the city lies in a "popularity". In 1891, Czarist Russia began to build Siberian railways. In order to achieve the purpose of aggression and plunder of Northeast China, the Czarist government proposed to extend the Siberian Railway into Northeast China. Later, through various conspiratorial means, it signed the Treaty of Mutual Assistance between China and Russia against the Enemy with Li Hongzhang, and the Qing government. Russia was allowed to build the "East-Qing Railway" connecting the Russian Usuli Railway from Chita to the Northeast. The East-Qing Railway stretched all the way and finally set foot on the land of Shenyang in 1899. A 6031 Lao Daokou is a well-known place. It used to be the predecessor of Shenyang Railway Station. It was called "Maogudian" 105 years ago. This is the Manchu translation of "Moktun", meaning "Fengtian". The railway station built by Russia is located 1.2 kilometers north of the central line of Shenyang Railway Station today. At that time, the railway station was very simple, because it was far away from the city, it used to be a wilderness, only a Russian-style green brick bungalow, five lines.
. Japan won the war between Japan and Russia in 1904, and gained control of Shenyang Railway Station. Shenyang Station at Lao Daokou was renamed Fengtian Yi. Because the station is simple, it can not satisfy Japan's aggressive ambition. Because of the "Nanman Railway Company" supported by the Japanese government, a piece of land was allocated to the west of the city street for the new site of Fengtian Post. On October 1, 1910, a grand relocation ceremony was held in the square in front of Shenyang Station. Since then, the location of Shenyang Station has been determined.
On the square of Shenyang Railway Station, there is a monument to the dead soldiers of the Soviet Red Army, a landmark building. We might as well have a brief introduction to the history of this monument. A 6031 In 1945, the Soviet army, one of the anti-fascist allies, invaded Shenyang and repulsed the Japanese army. After the Soviet Army's disgrace, they can't wait to leave behind a place that engraves history. Shenyang Station is the place where many of their feelings are mixed. So there is the monument of the tank suspended on the top of the square of Shenyang Station that we can see now. An old man who had been in and out of Shenyang Station in 1945 told reporters: "At that time, under the supervision of the Soviet army, the Japanese army returned from Shenyang Station in batches. On the location around the monument, there were banners with the meaning of"Long live Stalin"written in Japanese. Looking at the situation at that time, the Japanese were reluctant, while the Soviet Union was reluctant. Man satisfies vanity."
. However, such an exotic monument has become an important part of today's urban life. According to reporters, the monument will always be surrounded by a circle of passengers, which has become a habitual place to stay before boarding. Another purpose of the monument is to date the place, no matter what the reason for dating, the monument is the most used place in Shenyang Station. Another important purpose of the monument is to take pictures. Many people who come to Shenyang for the first time will find this monument very special when they get off the train. They will press the shutter here and leave a figure. Even Shenyang people are willing to drag foreigners here to have a look and take photos. A 6031. In the interview, Jiang Xing, who lives in Xinggong Street, Tiexi New District, told a story to reporters: "A Russian visited our unit. I met him at Shenyang Station. As soon as he got out of the platform, he dragged me forward first and then went straight to the square in front of the station. He had learned from textbooks when he was in middle school in their country. There is a monument built by the Soviet Union in front of Shenyang Station. I am particularly proud to hear that. After arranging the luggage of the foreigner to the hotel, I dragged him back to the station square and left his first picture in Shenyang.
Reporters received information from relevant parties that the Soviet Red Army Memorial will be removed next year.
The architectural style of Shenyang Station remains unchanged, but its fate is constantly changing. This is a tortuous road.
. On December 7, 21, 1944, and January 13, 1945, US bombers fighting against Japan bombed Shenyang three times, and Fengtian Post was unavoidable. Five warehouses such as No. 4 and No. 7 were destroyed successively. From the victory of the Anti-Japanese War in 1945 to the liberation of Shenyang in 1948, the Kuomintang authorities took over Fengtianyi and renamed it Shenyang South Railway Station on April 30, 1946. Although the name only existed for three years, it left a deep impression on people's minds. Until today, there are still many outsiders who are tired of the name. Hearing the name of Shenyang South Railway Station, they chose to get off the train. In fact, they only went to Sujiatun. Around October 1948, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) received Shenyang South Railway Station through a secret reception group. In May 1950, the station was formally renamed Shenyang Station. A 6031. A few years ago, Shenyang Railway Station experienced another critical moment. There were three original plans for the reconstruction and expansion of Shenyang Railway Station. One of them is very beautiful and modern. The roof of the whole station is designed to be streamlined. It looks beautiful. However, because of the great change of the original appearance, the plan which many people think highly of finally aborted.
. The present Shenyang Station has undergone tremendous internal changes. After many renovations and extensions, its exterior features are still preserved. Together with the opposite Shenyang Hotel and Medical Building, it constitutes a landmark building complex in Shenyang. Today, in order to coordinate with the development of the city, Shenyang Railway Station has begun a new round of renovation. The new construction and renovation parts currently under way will continue the original "Chen Ye" style in the aspects of style, proportion and color. In addition, the north-third East Road exit behind Shenyang Station is also under construction.
. It is said that Cheno is a famous Japanese architect and designer of Shenyang Station. Little known is that Tokyo Station in Japan is also Cheno's proud work, and they are almost identical, both of them are still serving passengers after a century of rain and storm. A 6031. After the reconstruction of Shenyang Station Square has been completed, Shenyang Station Square will form a distinctive and integral urban cultural block in the city. During this period, people can feel the characteristics and features of the old Shenyang Square, which is an integral whole of the Square, with its unique historical and cultural heritage, the ground traffic of the Square, and so on. The status quo of landscape chaos will be completely changed.
. On the basis of the construction and transformation of the second and fourth waiting rooms completed last year and put into use, the project of the transformation of Shenyang Station Square is being carried out according to the plan of step-by-step transformation. It is expected that by November or so, the facade renovation of the ticket office, the box office and the post office will be completed. At that time, the three buildings will reproduce the style and pattern coordinated with the old Shenyang Station.
"Tank Stele" moved out of Shenyang Station in September 2006
. Relocation will be carried out by means of split-up.
The person in charge of the relocation of Shenyang Palace Museum Ancient Architecture Co., Ltd. said that the total cost of the relocation amounted to 4.76 million yuan, which lasted about 20 days. Because the "Tank Tablet" is 24.27 meters high and the tank weight is 13 tons, the overall relocation is not used in the relocation, but in accordance with the principle of maintaining the original appearance, the method of dismantling is adopted to relocate. Specifically, the construction operation frame is arranged around the monument, on which the workers cut the monument into blocks with machines, label each stone and lift it with cranes. After the monument was moved to a new home, the staff rebuilt it according to the label of each stone. Thus, the original appearance of "Tank Stele" can be guaranteed to the greatest extent. It is reported that the new home of the Tank Monument will be the former Soviet Martyrs'Cemetery near Beiling Park, and a large square will be built in front of the monument, which will be more solemn and solemn with hundreds of straight pines and cypresses planted.
China Merchant Morning News (Reporter Xing Shiwei) The new "Tank Stele" has been settled in the Soviet Martyrs'Cemetery. What is the situation at the original Shenyang Station? A 6031. When reporters visited the original site of the Tank Stele yesterday, they found that the Shenyang Station of Shenyang Metro Line 1 had begun construction at the original site.
. At 18:30 yesterday, reporters at Shenyang Station saw that the original enclosure for the removal of tank tablets had been replaced by the blue-and-white enclosure for the construction of Shenyang Metro, and that the underground commercial street in front of the original Shenyang Station beside the enclosure had been closed. Within the enclosure, Feng Guifu, who is working on the site, told reporters that about a week ago, they were commissioned by the 18th Bureau of China Railway Station of Shenyang Metro Line 1 to enter the construction site and remove the square floor tiles in the site. "At present, we are mainly preparing for the formal start of construction. After site cleaning, we begin to build the subway formally." It is known that Shenyang Station of Metro Line 1 will adopt open-cut method, and the front section will adopt underground excavation method. It will be completed and commissioned in 2009.
Introduction to Tank Stele
On August 9, 1945, the Red Army of the former Soviet Union sent troops to the Northeast. On August 24, a tank unit of the former Soviet Army entered Shenyang. In the battle against Shenyang Railway Station, the former Soviet Army and the Japanese Guandong Army fought very bitterly. A considerable number of tanks of the former Soviet Army were attacked in turn, while the Japanese Army 6031, which was stuck in the station, frequently fired steel cannons on the basis of topographic advantages. Many tanks of the former Soviet Army were hit and fired, causing heavy casualties. After the victory of the battle, the former Soviet Army set up a monument on the railway station square in memory of the officers and soldiers who died there, as agreed by the Supreme Command of the former Soviet Union and the Chinese side.
It is reported that the Soviet Martyrs Monument was designed and invested by the former Soviet Ministry of Defence and completed in October 1945. The former Soviet Army has built a monument in Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin to commemorate the dead soldiers of the former Soviet Red Army. The three monuments are made of tanks, planes and warships, which are combined as sea, land and air monuments. The three monuments have one thing in common: the muzzle of the three weapons on the top of the monument all points to the east.
Shenyang Station will be transformed into the largest station in Northeast China
The renovation of Shenyang Railway Station in the past 100 years has begun. On April 13, the reporter learned from the relevant departments that the renovation project of Shenyang Station has been started in an all-round way. After the renovation, Shenyang Station will be divided into high-speed field and general speed field. The West Export Station will build a large green square and parking lot, and move towards the goal of the first big station in Northeast China. What will the transformed Shenyang Station look like? What are the new features? The reporter will show you the secret ahead of time. Effect Map of New Shenyang Station
in waiting hall
In the future, as soon as we enter the renovated Shenyang Railway Station Hall, we can see four escalators facing us, and there are also walking ladders on both sides to facilitate passengers'access. Up the stairs to the second floor, the previously closed waiting hall disappeared, and the whole waiting hall was opened and became an open waiting hall. A 6031 a 6031. A number of ticket checkpoints are set up on both sides. Passengers need not worry about the long time of ticket checking, nor need to worry about finding a waiting room. The top of the waiting hall is a glass dome. It has good lighting and can isolate ultraviolet rays. It has two functions of energy saving and beauty.
At the same time, the renovated Shenyang Station is expected to set up "shops" in the waiting hall, and passengers can shop while waiting for the train.
The west exit is located in Tiexi
airport terminal building
The unsettled west exit of Shenyang Station has been finalized and will be located on a new road in Tiexi District. The West Exit Square is a green square with parking lots on both sides. When traveling by train from Tiexi New District, citizens do not need to go around the Peace Zone anymore. They can enter the station directly through the West exit. In addition, the West Exit Square of Shenyang Railway Station will imitate the entry and exit mode of the airport terminal building. Passenger vehicles can reach the waiting hall on the second floor through the corridor bridge, while the departure personnel will walk on the first floor. In addition, the future of Metro Line 1 is still expected to achieve zero transfer with Shenyang Station, when citizens can buy train tickets at the station.
EMUs will have dedicated tracks
Sun Changwu, deputy director of Shenyang Junction Command of Hada Passenger Dedicated Railway, Shenyang Railway Administration, said that the transformed Shenyang Station would become the hub of Hada Passenger Dedicated Railway Train. There will be a high-speed platform for high-speed trains. The EMU will have its own dedicated track and a dedicated high-speed railway track with speeds of up to 350 kilometers per hour. At that time, the station will also become one of the main parking stations for motor vehicles.